1. If you recycle, the Earth will smile
First Conditional

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What does conditional mean?

Conditionals are also known as If Clauses. Conditional structures consist in two sentences: a condition and a result. The condition is preceded by the conjunction if. Conditionals are of three types. In this lesson, we will discuss the First Conditional.

When do I use the First Conditional?

The First Conditional (First If Clause) is used to express possible future situations and their consequences.

How do I form the First Conditional?

If + condition (Present Simple), result (Future Simple)
If you recycle, the Earth will smile.

The result can precede the condition, e.g.: The Earth will smile if you recycle.

Affirmative / Interrogative / Negative

Verbs can be used in the affirmative, interrogative or negative forms, in any combination.

+ & + If you recycle, the Earth will smile.
+ & – If you recycle, the Earth will not frown.
+ & ? If you recycle, will the Earth smile?
– & + If you do not recycle, the Earth will frown.
– & – If you do not recycle, the Earth will not smile.

do not = don't: If you don't recycle..
will not = won't: ..the Earth won't smile.


1st person
If I occasionally go to work by bus, I will produce less carbon monoxide.
2nd person
If you protect the environment, you will live in a better place.
3rd person
If he starts collecting waste selectively, he will facilitate its recycling.
1st person
If we insulate our house, we will save energy.
2nd person
If you try to take shorter showers, you will save water.
3rd person
If they want to use biodegradable materials, they will ask for a paper bag.