|Timpul verbal Present Continuous se folosește pentru acțiunile care se întâmplă chiar în momentul vorbirii. El se mai numește și Present Progressive, tocmai pentru că indică acțiuni care sunt in progress, adică în desfășurare. După cum vei vedea în această lecție, Present Continuous poate fi folosit și în alte câteva situații, cum ar fi cea a planurilor bine stabilite pentru viitorul apropiat.|
7. Right now, Ruby is swimming
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We form Present Continuous like this: To Be + [Verb + ING]
Note that: Present Continuous is also called Present Progressive because it refers to actions that are in progress.
We use Present Continuous in the following situations:
1. When the action is happening right now.
e.g.: I am reading a book on the beach.
2. When the action is happening at present, even if it takes more time.
e.g.: He is studying to become a doctor.
3. When we refer to plans for the close future.
e.g.: Clara is meeting Ruby tomorrow. (Read more)
4. When we refer to a repetitive and, most often, annoying action.
e.g.: He is always arriving late.
In this lesson, we focus on the first use case when the action is happening right now.
Read the table below to see how we form Present Continuous in the affirmative, interrogative and negative.
|1st person Singular||I am sunbathing on the beach.||Am I sunbathing on the beach?||I am not sunbathing on the beach.|
|2nd person Singular||You are drinking a cocktail.||Are you drinking a cocktail?||You are not drinking a cocktail.|
|3rd person Singular||
He is getting on the plane.
She is getting off the plane.
It is running in the sand.
Is he getting on the plane?
Is she getting off the plane?
Is it running in the sand?
He is not getting on the plane.
She is not getting off the plane.
It is not running in the sand.
|1st person Plural||We are leaving on a business trip.||Are we leaving on a business trip?||We are not leaving on a business trip.|
|2nd person Plural||You are returning from holiday.||Are you returning from holiday?||You are not returning from holiday.|
|3rd person Plural||They are swimming in the ocean.||Are they swimming in the ocean?||They are not swimming in the ocean.|
There are several adverbs of time that help us understand that the action is taking place right now and that we should expect to find Present Continuous in the sentence:
1. We can use contractions:
2. For some verbs, the last letter is doubled in the continuous form, e.g.: getting, travelling (Br.), swimming. Listen to the audio tutorial in this lesson for more information.