Timpul verbal Past Perfect Simple indică acțiuni care s-au întamplat înaintea altor acțiuni sau momente din trecut. Past Perfect Simple este, probabil, cel mai ușor de înțeles și de învățat dintre toate timpurile verbale din limba engleză. Atunci când ne referim la ceva care se întâmplase înainte de altceva din trecut, știm că avem de a face cu Past Perfect Simple. Mai jos sunt toate informațiile de care ai nevoie.

14. Ruby had left when Brian arrived
Past Perfect Simple

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How do I form Past Perfect?

had + the 3rd form of the main verb

e.g.: Ruby had left when Brian arrived.

Note: The auxiliary verb had never changes.

When do I use Past Perfect?

We use Past Perfect:

Conjunctions

There are three conjunctions that often help us recognize Past Perfect: when, before and after.

Ruby had left when Brian arrived.
or
Brian arrived when Ruby had left.

Ruby had left before Brian arrived.
Brian arrived after Ruby had left.

Affirmative / Interrogative / Negative


  Affirmative Interrogative Negative
1st person Singular I had studied French before I moved to France. Had I studied French before I moved to France? I had not studied French before I moved to France.
2nd person Singular You had read that book before she gave it to you as a present. Had you read that book before she gave it to you as a present? You had not read that book before she gave it to you as a present.
3rd person Singular Mary called the plumber after George had fixed the sink.
Jeremy arrived home after Clara had finished cooking dinner.
It had stopped raining when we left.
Had George fixed the sink before Mary called the plumber?
Had Clara finished cooking dinner before Jeremy arrived?
Had it stopped raining when we left?
George had not fixed the sink before Mary called the plumber.
Clara had not finished cooking dinner when Jeremy arrived.
It had not stopped raining when we left.
1st person
Plural
We had never been to that restaurant before last night. Had we ever been to that restaurant before last night? We had not ever been to that restaurant before last night.
2nd person Plural You had had that TV for ten years before it broke down. Had you had that TV for ten years before it broke down? You had not had that TV for ten years before it broke down.
3rd person Plural They had found a different hotel when the receptionist finally called them. Had they found a different hotel when the receptionist finally called them? They had not found a different hotel when the receptionist finally called them.

Listen to the audio tutorial in this lesson to find out how we use contractions with the Past Perfect tense.

* In Romanian, Past Perfect is translated using mai mult ca perfectul.