5. If she had drunk the potion,
she would have died

Third Conditional

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When do I use the Third Conditional?

The Third Conditional (Third If Clause) is used to express a different result in the past.

How do I form the Third Conditional?

If + condition (Past Perfect), result (would have + verb at participle)
If she had drunk the potion, she would have died.

The result can precede the condition, e.g.: She would have died if she had drunk the potion.

Affirmative / Interrogative / Negative

Verbs can be used in the affirmative, interrogative or negative forms, in any combination.

+ & + If she had drunk the potion, she would have died.
+ & – If she had drunk the potion, she would not have lived.
+ & ? If she had drunk the potion, would she have died?
– & + If she had not drunk the potion, she would have lived.
– & – If she had not drunk the potion, she would not have died.

had not = hadn't: If she hadn't drunk the potion..
would not = wouldn't: ..she wouldn't have died.

Examples

1st person
Singular
If I had studied architecture, I would have focused on urban design.
2nd person
Singular
If you had been in my position, what texture would you have chosen?
3rd person
Singular
If the princess had listened to the fairy, she would have arrived at the castle.
1st person
Plural
If we had followed the guidelines, the show would have been better.
2nd person
Plural
If you had played the drums, you would have been in a band.
3rd person
Plural
If they had used marble, the monument would have been a masterpiece.

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